All posts tagged “simultaneous EEG-fMRI

Error Processing & Conflict Monitoring

Error processing and conflict monitoring are executive functions that were associated with neural activation in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex and specific event-related potentials (ERN, N2). My colleague Reto Iannaccone studies the neural correlates of error processing and conflict monitoring using simultaneous EEG-fMRI to unite the EEG-components with the fMRI activation patterns.

Iannaccone R, Hauser TU, Staempfli P, Walitza S, Brandeis D & Brem S (2015). Conflict Monitoring and Error Processing: New Insights from simultaneous EEG-fMRI. NeuroImage 105: 395-407.

Decision Making in ADHD

Children and adults suffering from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have previously been found to struggle in making decisions and learning from feedback. In this study, we investigated the neural mechanisms underlying these impaired mechanisms. Using computational modelling, we found that subjects with ADHD make more stochastic and exploratory choices. Using simultaneous EEG-fMRI, we determined the impaired neural signals by means of reward prediction errors. We found prediction error impairments in the medial frontal cortex. Moreover, we could determine the exact timing of this impairments, as it was reflected by an impaired Feedback-Related Negativity (FRN) in the EEG.

Hauser TU, Iannaccone R, Ball J, Mathys C, Brandeis D, Walitza S & Brem S (2014). Role of the Medial Prefrontal Cortex in Impaired Decision Making in Juvenile Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. JAMA Psychiatry (formerly Arch Gen Psychiatry) 71(10):1165-1173.

Feedback-Related Negativity

Although we know a lot about the neural regions which are involved in decision making, little is known about the temporal signatures of decision making and learning. In this study, we investigated the Feedback-Related Negativity, an event-related response of the EEG which has been proposed to reflect reward prediction errors. We used simultaneous EEG-fMRI to study the FRN in more detail. We investigated whether the FRN reflected prediction errors or saliency signals, determined the neural source of the FRN using the concurrently aquired data, and studied the organisation of the network using dynamic causal modelling (DCM).

Hauser TU, Iannaccone R, Stämpfli P, Drechsler R, Brandeis D, Walitza S & Brem S (2014). The Feedback-Related Negativity (FRN) revisited: New insights into the localization, meaning and network organization. NeuroImage 84:159-168.